5 Amazing Temples Around the World

5 Most Common Religions, 5 Amazing Temples

Faith has had a significant impact on human behavior and people have been building temples around the world probably since the beginning of human history. The first known temple is thought to be Göbekli Tepe, nowadays an archaeological site near the Turkish-Syrian border in Şanlıurfa, Turkey. Göbekli Tepe temple was discovered in 1994 by a German archaelogist, Klaus Schmidt, and the site is believed to be approximately 11,000 years old!

In deed, according to Schmidt, Göbekli Tepe is a stone-age sanctuary, actually the oldest one ever discovered [1], which puts forward a brand new idea: “Hunter-gatherers constructed buildings!”.

Within the temple, the walls are covered in human and animal figures, thought to have been carved in order to protect the dead.

So, as far as we know, mankind has built temples of all sorts since then. Together with the improvements in architecture and aesthetics, the structures of those temples have leveled up from “functional” to “glorious”. Then let’s have a look at 5 amazing temples around the world, belonging to the followers of the 5 religions that have the highest number of adherents.

Borobudur, Central Java, Indonesia

Borobudur Buddhist Temple, Indonesia

Buddhism is the 5th religion that has the highest number of adherents with approximately 376 million followers [2] and Borobudur temple in Indonesia is the largest Buddhist Temple in the world, according to Guinness World Records [3]. The temple was built in the 9th century.

Temple of Confucius, Beijing, China

Temple of Confucius, Beijing

Chinese Folk Religion, sometimes diversified as Confucianism and Taoism, is the 4th religion in the world with the largest number of followers with 394 million followers [2] and the Temple of Confucius, which was built in 1302, is the second largest Confucian temple in China.

Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam, India

Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, India

A religion with a huge amount of followers (900 million) Hinduism is the 3th largest religion in the world [2] and the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam, taking up an area of 631,000 m² is one of the must-see temples of Hinduism with its huge towers and colorful structure full of historical references. The temple dates back to the 9th century.

Imam Reza Mosque (Shrine), Mashhad, Iran

Imam Reza Shrine, Iran

Being the second religion with the highest number of followers, Islam, with approximately 1.5 billion adherents [2], definitely has numerous monumental temples. Imam Reza Shrine, which is actually a the shrine of Imam Reza with the Goharshad Mosque, a museum, a library, four seminaries, a cemetary, a dining hall and some other buildings along with Razavi University of Islamic Sciences, is a huge Islamic complex which happens to be the second largest mosque in the world after Al-masjid al-Haram, the holiest location of Muslims which they turn towards (no matter where in the world they are) during their ‘Salat’ five times a day.

St. Peter’s Basilica

St Peter Basilica, Vatican

Still being the religion with the highest number of followers (2.1 billion), Christianity has a lot of monumental temples in and around the world [2]. The largest Catholic temple in the world, St. Peter’s Basilica is the burial site of Saint Peter, the first Pope of Rome and one of the twelve apostles of Jesus. Consecrated in 18 November 1626 [4], the church was actually built in the 4th century by the order of Constantine the Great [5].

References

1. Curry, Andrew (November 2008). “Göbekli Tepe: The World’s First Temple?”. Smithsonian Institution.

2. http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adherents.html

3. “Largest Buddhist temple”Guinness World Records. Guinness World Records.

4. Baumgarten, Paul Maria (1913). “Basilica of St. Peter“. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

5. Cunningham, Lawrence (2010). “Cultures and Values”. USA: Clark Baxter. p. 671

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Amazing Temples Around the World / Dünyanın En Önemli Tapınakları
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Amazing Temples Around the World / Dünyanın En Önemli Tapınakları
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Amazing Temples Around the World / Dünyanın En Önemli Tapınakları
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2 Comments

  1. 14 October 2014  06:42 by Adım Adım Seyahat Reply

    Çok güzel bir yazı olmuş. Tapınaklar hep ilgimi çekmiştir. Umarım bu listedeki tapınaklara seyahat etme fırsatını yakalarım.

    • 14 October 2014  12:50 by ecotripsos Reply

      Çok teşekkürler. Gerçekten de konu inançlar olduğunda insanlar sevgi ve saygılarını ifade etmek adına tüm yeteneklerini sergileyip inanılmaz binalar inşa edebiliyor. Hepsini bir bir görebilmek dileğiyle...

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