Poorest Countries

Top 5 Poorest Countries in the World

The peaceful countries, the most liberal ones, the richest ones and so on… It’s always cool and interesting to check out the “top countries” and make travel plans… But have you ever taken a look to the bottom part of such lists? Ever wondered how daily life goes on there? May be some empathy?

Well, as you may guess, it’s not such a craved sort of life that people live down there in Africa. Chances are you die of hunger, thirst or tribal wars. Or you half-survive if you manage to earn around $20 a month, unless you’re a government official or a smuggler.

Down this page, you’ll find a list of top-5 poorest countries in the world, ordered by their Gross Domestic Product (2013) by the International Monetary Fund.

5. Eritrea

En Yoksul Ülkeler
A normal day in Eritrea…

Situated in northeastern Africa, Eritrea is the fifth poorest country in the world with a Gross Domestic Product of $707. 85% of the population is still located in rural areas since the economy of the country is predominantly based on agriculture and stockbreeding, and Africa-specific ethnic and religious conflicts affect the country’s economy to a large extent.

4. Liberia

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Some home time in Liberia…

Liberia, on the western coast of Africa to the west of Ivory Coast, is the fourth poorest country in the word with a GDP of $703. Although it is the only country in Africa that has never been colonized, two civil wars (1989 and 1999) caused the economy to collapse to the point of no return. These days, the country’s struggling to revive its economy through agriculture and iron export.

3. Democratic Republic of Congo

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“If they don’t have bread, let them eat bullets!”

Having a coastline of 40 km only, Democratic Republic of Congo, formerly known as Zaire, is the third poorest country in the world (GDP $648). This is mainly because the never-ending problems that the country had to face, from being claimed as the “private property” of the Belgian king in 1885, to being exploited in every possible way by the dictator Mobutu, let alone civil wars. However, the country is among the richest in the world in terms of oil, diamond, gold and natural gas, which is exactly why the country’s economy and politics are not expected to be stabilized.

2. Burundi

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“Our Burundi, gentle country,
Take your place in the concert of nations” – From the National Anthem

The central African country of “République du Burundi” is the second poorest country in the world with a GDP of $642, according to IMF records. Also a ‘former’ Belgian colony, Burundi has suffered greatly from tribal wars, during which almost 1 million people died. The economy of the country is based on coffee to the extent of 80%.

1. Central African Republic

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“Diamonds… Yeah, right…”

A former French colony, Central African Republic is the poorest country in the world (GDP $542) with no coast line and a huge lack of health services. The literacy rate within the country is only 60% and the rate of asphalt roads is barely 3%. 74% of the country works in the agriculture industry and the country is quite rich in diamond, gold and uranium as well as other minerals, which gives one enough ideas as to why this country is “left” to be poor.

That’s it, the top-5 poorest countries in the world. I don’t know about you, but I really find it “oddly unsurprising” that most of those “poorest countries” were colonized in the past and they are quite rich in natural resources. This gives me enough clues as to why these countries have always suffered from civil wars (funded by who is the question to ask) and why they’re still poor although they have the most expensive resources in the world. For the optimists who think their only problem is their “weak management”, here are some “post-colonial” keywords to research: Post-colonialism, puppet government, cultural imperialism, neo-colonialism.

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Poorest Countries in the World / Dünyanın En Yoksul Ülkeleri
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Poorest Countries in the World / Dünyanın En Yoksul Ülkeleri
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